[SOLVED] Nasty String Ending

  • Hi there

    I need to transmit an int16 over a serial port. To do this in a fast way, I split the variable into two byte. Now, when I want to read these two byte into a QString or a QByteArray because the read() - function of the qserialdevice library allows no other type to write in, I get a problem. When the value of my int16 is below 256, the first byte is 0. And unfortunatly 0 is the string ending constant. So my string stops at this point and I don't gat any more information in that String. Does anyone have an idea how to bypass this string ending rule?

  • Moderators

    You may want to consider using a QDataStream to send your data, if possible. I'm not sure that sticking raw data into a QString is the best idea.

  • QString::number() and QString::toInt() could be of use here.
    Another option is a QDataStream, as suggested by mlong already. You can open it on a QBuffer that is built on top of a QByteArray.

  • Obviously I need a QDataStream. I tried to play a bit around with QDataStream and QBuffer, but I wasn't able to set this up. It is the first time I use these classes and I haven't found any useful examples. If somebody could give me a short example how I can write a QByteArray with a QDataStream into a QBuffer and read this out again, that would be great!

  • Moderators

    I would not use QDataStream as that does add marshalling information into its output stream which is most likely not expected on the other side... provided you do not use a QDataStream there, too.

    You are aware that you can use QIODevice::readAll() does put all the bytes available into the QByteArray? Check the count() of the byte array: I bet it says more than 0 in your case. You just can not interpret the first bytes as a string as you did not put a string there but an integer.

    @qint32 = reinterpret_cast<qint32>(data.constData());@

    should get the 32bit integer out of the first 4 bytes of the QByteArray data though. Make sure to not go past the end of the QByteArray;-)

    PS: When moving data between devices you should use qu?int(8|16|32|64) as data types instead of a simple int. Int is defined as >=32 bit, and thus might differ between your sender and your receiver.

  • You're right. The data is in the QByteArray. QDebug is just not able to show what is in there but the size is obviously 4. These 4 Bytes consist of an STX (0x02) Byte then 2 Byte for the uint16 and finally the ETX (0x03) Byte. So first I have to check the QByteArray if it was transmittet correctly with the STX-ETX Chain and extract the 2 Bytes in the mid. Finally I get a QByteArray with my 2 Bytes.

    I put them together in an traditional way like this:

    @uint16 myValue = valueArray[1] | (valueArray[0] << 8);@

    This works so far altough I get 2 warnings I don't understand for this and a similar tag:

    @while(valueArray[0] != 0x02) valueArray.remove(0,1);@

    bq. warning: ISO C++ says that these are ambiguous, even though the worst conversion for the first is better than the worst conversion for the second:

    If I try to convert the 2 Bytes with your method like this:

    @quint16 = reinterpret_cast<quint16>(valueArray.constData());@

    I get this error:

    bq. error: cast from 'const char*' to 'quint16' loses precision

    But anyway, thx for the help until here!

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