[SOLVED] How to add item to ListView?

  • I have ListView and I want to add new items by timer (for example).
    I didn't understand how...
    I found only "String ListModel Example":http://doc.qt.nokia.com/4.7-snapshot/declarative-modelviews-stringlistmodel.html and "AbstractItemModel Example":http://doc.qt.nokia.com/4.7-snapshot/declarative-modelviews-abstractitemmodel.html. But it's static filling, not dynamic.

    Example: every n second add new item to ListView with current time. How can I do this?

  • Use of [[Doc:QStandardItemModel]] comes into mind.

  • And how to set QStandardItemModel to ListView?
    Just like in "AbstractItemModel Example"?

    I can't understan how to update model: of ListView...

  • just call

    QStandardItemModel *stdModel = new QStandardItemModel(this);

    // populate the model here, if you want


    QStandardItemModel is a subclass of QAbstractItemModel, so you can use it for every item view (not for the item widgets, those do not need a model!). The [[Doc:QStandardItemModel]] has a basic usage example too.

    If you want to add new entries to the model, just call the respective methods of QStandardItemModel, like appendRow, insertRow, etc.

  • No, no, no!
    I mean QML ListView! :)

  • OMG - I completely missed that this is in the Qt Quick forums. I should have more coffee before posting weird stuff :-) - sorry for the confusion :)

  • Never mind :)

  • Any ideas how to add items?

  • [quote author="RazrFalcon" date="1320507752"]Any ideas how to add items?[/quote]

    Sorry, I don't have much experience with Qt Quick/QML so far - but I'm pretty sure someone else is able to help you.

  • You can always use insert, append, clear methods of "QML ListModel Element":http://doc.qt.nokia.com/4.7-snapshot/qml-listmodel.html.

  • I know, but I need to get items from QAbstractItemModel or other type of model.

  • Hmm, If you exposed your "QAbstractItemModel":developer.qt.nokia.com/doc/qt-4.7/qabstractitemmodel.html derived model to QML like this

    QDeclarativeView* iView;
    //MyListModel derived from QAbstractItemModel
    MyListModel* iListModel;

    and set it in qml list like this
    ListView {
    then every time you insert something to your model you have to call

    and your QML ListView will be updated

  • Ok. I set my model to ListView. Thanks.
    But how to add new item to this model, for example, after click on MouseArea.
    Something like:
    @MouseArea {
    onClicked: myModel.append("text") // but here I get an error "TypeError: Result of expression 'myModel.append' [undefined] is not a function."

  • You will have to supply slots on your model (or another class that you have also exposed to QML) that provide this functionality. However, because you are using a QAbstractItemModel, we have no idea what kind of model that is, so it is impossible to help you with the details. Are you sure you need to have your model in C++ though? I mean, if you just want to append simple texts, why not use one of the models QML supplies you?

  • Why not to use QML ListModel?

    If you really want to do it using model exposed to QML from C++, then as Andre said you have to:
    Make method which you call in onClicked a slot

    public slot:
    void append(/??/);
    or declare method as invokable
    Q_INVOKABLE void append(/??/);

  • Thanks. It's works.

    bq. Why not to use QML ListModel?

    Becouse I need to use list items in my C++ code.
    So QML - only GUI, all other works in C++ code. QML only for showing my items.
    I think it's correct way, is it?

  • In principle, it is, yes. However, best practices are still materializing as Qt Quick is still a young technology. However, this approach: only GUI in Quick, the logic in C++ has been used successfully for real, commercial projects. There was a great presentation on this on the DevDays.

    If you need access to your data from the C++ side, then it makes perfect sense to use a QAbstractItemModel to expose your data to the QML side of things. Could you please tell us your final solution, so others may learn from it?

  • I understand. Thanks for explanation.

    Here is my code example (all pretty simple):
    @import QtQuick 1.0

    Item {
    id: item
    width: 300; height: 400

    property int i: 0
    Component {
        id: myDelegate
        Row {
            spacing: 10
            Text { text: name }
    ListView {
        x: 0
        y: 0
        width: 300
        height: 350
        model: myModel
        delegate: myDelegate
    aRectangle {
        id: rectangle1
        x: 0
        y: 350
        width: 300
        height: 50
        color: "#000000"
        MouseArea {
            anchors.fill: parent
            onClicked: myModel.append(i++)


    @#include <QDeclarativeView>
    #include <QDeclarativeContext>
    #include <QApplication>
    #include "mymodel.h"

    int main(int argc, char *argv[])
    QApplication app(argc, argv);

    QDeclarativeView view;
    QDeclarativeContext *ctxt = view.rootContext();
    ctxt->setContextProperty("myModel", new MyModel);
    return app.exec&#40;&#41;;

    @#include "mymodel.h"

    MyModel::MyModel(QObject *parent)
    : QAbstractListModel(parent)
    QHash<int, QByteArray> roles;
    roles[NameRole] = "name";

    void MyModel::append(const QString &text)
    beginInsertRows(QModelIndex(), rowCount(), rowCount());

    int MyModel::rowCount(const QModelIndex & parent) const
    return itemList.count();

    QVariant MyModel::data(const QModelIndex & index, int role) const
    if (index.row() < 0 || index.row() > itemList.count())
    return QVariant();
    return itemList.at(index.row());
    @#ifndef MYMODEL_H
    #define MYMODEL_H

    #include <QDeclarativeItem>
    #include <QAbstractListModel>
    #include <QStringList>

    class MyModel : public QAbstractListModel

    MyModel(QObject *parent = 0);

    enum AnimalRoles {NameRole = Qt::UserRole + 1};
    void addItem(const QString &text);
    int rowCount(const QModelIndex & parent = QModelIndex()) const;
    QVariant data(const QModelIndex & index, int role = Qt::DisplayRole) const;

    public slots:
    void append(const QString &text);

    QStringList itemList;

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