QT Creator: build vs qmake



  • I have a problem with building my program using qt creator. I got a .pro file which works with qmake. I.e. I type qmake, then make - everything is compiled.

    Now I open a qt creator project with the same .pro file, try to build it, it says: TCanvas.h: No such file or directory.

    I can also run qmake from qtcreator - it works, but build doesn't work.

    I'm on linux Mint 17.1, Qt Creator 3.0.1, Qt version 4.8.6 for Desktop.

    Here is my .pro file:

    TEMPLATE = app
    
    win32 {
       QMAKE_CXXFLAGS += -FIw32pragma.h  
    }
    CONFIG += qt warn_on thread
    
    INCLUDEPATH += $(ROOTSYS)/include
    win32:LIBS += -L$(ROOTSYS)/lib -llibCore -llibCint -llibRIO -llibNet \
            -llibHist -llibGraf -llibGraf3d -llibGpad -llibTree \
            -llibRint -llibPostscript -llibMatrix -llibPhysics \
            -llibGui -llibRGL 
    else:LIBS += -L$(ROOTSYS)/lib -lCore -lCint -lRIO -lNet \
            -lHist -lGraf -lGraf3d -lGpad -lTree \
            -lRint -lPostscript -lMatrix -lPhysics \
            -lGui -lRGL 
    
    HEADERS += canvas.h
    SOURCES += canvas.cxx main.cxx
    
    
    


  • My first suggestion would be to look at the compile output and see which paths are used to look for TCanvas.h.


  • Qt Champions 2016

    @yur70
    Is the qmake that QtCreator uses the same as the one you use from the command line? Have you installed all the needed -dev packages (if any)?

    -L$(ROOTSYS)/lib
    

    What is ROOTSYS and why do you need to use it, is it set correctly?



  • @kshegunov said:

    What is ROOTSYS and why do you need to use it, is it set correctly?

    ROOT is a very powerfull statistical data analysis framework, initially developped for Particle Physics (ROOT website). The traditional way to use ROOT once compiled is to define the ROOTSYS environment variable and not add the binaries in the path (why, I don't know...).



  • @KiwiJeff The point is: all paths are correct, it all works with qmake. Why doesn't it work with "build"?


  • Moderators

    As @kshegunov already asked: are you sure you're using the same qmake in QtCreator?
    Where and how do you set ROOTSYS environment variable?
    You can set this variable in QtCreator in project settings under "Build Environment".
    And in the compiler output you can check whether al paths are really passed to the compiler.



  • @kshegunov said:

    @yur70
    Is the qmake that QtCreator uses the same as the one you use from the command line? Have you installed all the needed -dev packages (if any)?

    -L$(ROOTSYS)/lib
    

    What is ROOTSYS and why do you need to use it, is it set correctly?

    I believe that qmake is always the same. I can go to the build-Desktop-Debug folder (which is created by the qtcreator) and run qmake + make from there, it all works. But the "build" command from qtcreator doesn't.

    ROOTSYS is sen correctly. I can replace it by the full path to the libraries (/cern/root), but the result is the same.



  • QtCreator is by default creating new directory for builds, if you forgot this file, it can create the problem. Try building in QtCreator in the same directory where sources are. Go in Projects->Build->de-select "Shadow Build"


  • Moderators

    @yeckel I don't think this will help as the missing header file is not part of the project but of an external library.
    I think the problem is that ROOTSYS is not set in QtCreator: INCLUDEPATH += $(ROOTSYS)/include



  • @jsulm said:

    As @kshegunov already asked: are you sure you're using the same qmake in QtCreator?
    Where and how do you set ROOTSYS environment variable?
    You can set this variable in QtCreator in project settings under "Build Environment".
    And in the compiler output you can check whether al paths are really passed to the compiler.

    It doesn't matter if qmake is the same or not. With qmake it always works: I can run qmake from the command line, and also use "Run qmake" from qtcreator (by right clicking on the project). So qmake (or "Run qmake") - works, build - doesn't work.


  • Moderators

    @yur70 What about my other question regarding ROOTSYS?
    I think, in QtCreator Projects/Build Environment it is not set, so this

    INCLUDEPATH += $(ROOTSYS)/include
    

    expands to /include, so TCanvas.h is not found (I assume it is part of ROOT, right?).
    You can easily check that looking at the compiler output (you can see there which pats are passed to the compiler, look for -I...).


  • Qt Champions 2016

    @JohanSolo
    Being a nuclear physicist myself I know what ROOT is, what I didn't know is how it's set up, as I haven't used it. Since ROOTSYS is simply a variable I didn't deduce that it's one defined for/used by CERN's ROOT. Thanks for the explanation though!

    @yur70

    With qmake it always works: I can run qmake from the command line, and also use "Run qmake" from qtcreator (by right clicking on the project). So qmake (or "Run qmake") - works, build - doesn't work.

    qmake is an intermediate step before building. It takes a .pro (project) file and generates an ordinary Makefile from that. What it doesn't do is check the flags you pass to the compiler/linker or paths. That's why the question "Are all paths correct during the build step?" is relevant. So, could you please post the whole build line with all the compiler switches, and not only the error you get?



  • @yur70 Because qmake only does a syntax check and generates a Makefile and Moc files (and probably some other tasks unrelated to your paths). It is the build steps that requires the include paths to be correct. That is why I suggested looking at the compile output and verifying the paths there.


  • Qt Champions 2016

    @jsulm

    I think, in QtCreator Projects/Build Environment it is not set, so this
    INCLUDEPATH += $(ROOTSYS)/include
    expands to /include

    The expansion happens in the Makefile's processing, if such is required when qmake is run the double dollar variable reference is required, i.e.: INCLUDEPATH += $$(ROOTSYS)/include

    (Posting this only for completeness)


  • Moderators

    @kshegunov Wherever the expansion happens if ROOTSYS is not set the resulting path will be invalid.
    We really need the complete build log to check this.


  • Qt Champions 2016

    @jsulm said:

    Wherever the expansion happens if ROOTSYS is not set the resulting path will be invalid.
    We really need the complete build log to check this.

    I certainly don't argue against that! :)



  • Thanks for your help, guys. The problem seems to be indeed in the environment variable. I set ROOTSYS in the Projects/Build Environment, now it finds the headers, but I get the following error:

    :-1: warning: libMathCore.so, needed by /cern/root/lib/libHist.so, not found (try using -rpath or -rpath-link)
    

    .. and then a lot of errors with undefined reference.

    Where and how should I insert "-rpath"?


  • Qt Champions 2016

    @yur70

    Where and how should I insert "-rpath"?

    For development you shouldn't. Make sure you have the required binary in the linker search path. You need to have libMathCore.so in the $(ROOTSYS)/lib directory. If you need to add additional path for the linker add another -L switch to the LIBS variable in your project file:

    LIBS += -L/another/path/to/search/for/so/files
    

    If you're not building the libHist.so yourself, then provide additional linker paths by appending LD_LIBRARY_PATH (again, this is for development).



  • @yur70 said:

    :-1: warning: libMathCore.so, needed by /cern/root/lib/libHist.so, not found (try using -rpath or -rpath-link)
    

    The libMathCore.so should be in your /cern/root/lib/ directory as well (it's a ROOT lib as well). You should check your ROOT installation. I guess you compiled it yourself (otherwise no need for ROOTSYS to be defined).



  • Finally, I found the reason. I had to add -Wl,-rpath,$(ROOTSYS)/lib to the end of the LIBS definition. So the solution is the following:

    1. Add ROOTSYS to the Projects/Build Environment
    2. Add -Wl,-rpath,$(ROOTSYS)/lib to the libs.

    The .pro file looks like this:

    TEMPLATE = app
    
    win32 {
       QMAKE_CXXFLAGS += -FIw32pragma.h  
    }
    CONFIG += qt warn_on thread
    
    INCLUDEPATH += $(ROOTSYS)/include
    win32:LIBS += -L$(ROOTSYS)/lib -llibCore -llibCint -llibRIO -llibNet \
            -llibHist -llibGraf -llibGraf3d -llibGpad -llibTree \
            -llibRint -llibPostscript -llibMatrix -llibPhysics \
            -llibGui -llibRGL 
    else:LIBS += -L$(ROOTSYS)/lib -lCore -lCint -lRIO -lNet \
            -lHist -lGraf -lGraf3d -lGpad -lTree \
            -lRint -lPostscript -lMatrix -lPhysics \
            -lGui -lRGL -Wl,-rpath,$(ROOTSYS)/lib
    
    HEADERS += canvas.h
    SOURCES += canvas.cxx main.cxx
    
    

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