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Problems when adding serialport module in Qt project


  • Lifetime Qt Champion

    Is it me or are you trying to build your project for an embedded system ?
    I see that you are trying to use an arm compiler, did you cross-compile Qt for your device ?



  • @SGaist Yes, my target device runs Linux Yocto. Can this affect the serialport module I am trying to install?


  • Lifetime Qt Champion

    Sur it does, you are trying to install the desktop version of the driver and then, use it to do cross-compilation.



  • @SGaist I see. So, if I need to cross-compile, which steps should I follow in order to use the serialport in my project?
    Are there different libraries or drivers I need to install on my host PC?
    The target linux embedded device runs Linux Yocto.


  • Lifetime Qt Champion

    @douglas You need Qt (together with Qt Searial Port) cross compiled for your device



  • @jsulm I already set up the project in order to cross-compile for my target: in fact, I have already managed to run my application on the target device. The problem is the serial port module: I did not succeeded in including it into my project. Are there any particular hints to follow in the case of cross-compilation?
    Thank you!


  • Lifetime Qt Champion

    @douglas Did you cross compile Qt serial port module?


  • Moderators

    @douglas
    How did you cross-compile for your target device?

    I would asume you cloned the qt-sources from git or something similar. However did you crosscompile the whole Framework or only part of it? For any Qt-Program to run you'll need only QtBase, however serialport is a plugin and needs to be compiled seperately.



  • @J.Hilk Where can I found the procedure to cross-compile the serial port module?
    Thank you.


  • Moderators

    @douglas like you did the other modules

    git clone git://code.qt.io/qt/<qt-module>.git -b <qt-version>
    cd <qt-module>
    
    qmake
    make
    make install
    


  • @douglas if you could please show us

    How did you cross-compile for your target device?

    It may help understanding your issue



  • @Pablo-J.-Rogina , after the Qt Creator installation, I followed the indication from 2.1 to 2.7 chapter here:
    http://variwiki.com/index.php?title=Yocto_Qt_Creator&release=RELEASE_MORTY_V1.0_DART-6UL#QtCreator_configuration
    in which, as far as I see, the environment is configured to cross-compile for my target device.
    Now, I am able to create a simple GUI application and run it on my target device, but I can't add the serialport component (in order to manage a RS485 communication) in my project.
    Unfortunatelly, I'm a beginner in this matter!
    Thanks a lot!



  • @douglas said in Problems when adding serialport module in Qt project:

    Now, I am able to create a simple GUI application and run it on my target device

    Ok, that's a great step. Reading briefly the link you posted to that wiki page, I assume you setup your environment in a Linux PC and using Qt Creator there, you built that simple GUI app that Qt Creator deployed and run in your device.

    If that's correct, I'd try the following:

    1. from command line in let's say /home/douglas/projects do
    cd /home/douglas/projects
    git clone git://code.qt.io/qt/qtserialport.git -b 5.9
    cd qtserialport
    

    so you should now have a folder /home/douglas/projects/qtserialport will sources for Qt serial port module release 5.9 (the Qt release should match what you have in your dev environment/device, you didn't stated it so far).
    2. run commands:

    /opt/fslc-x11/2.2.1/sysroot/x86_64-fslcsdk-linux/usr/bin/qt5/qmake
    make
    make install
    

    once build and install finishes, you should have the .so shared library and headers into the proper location under your host PC (I couldn't figure out the proper location from the wiki page). But look for something like this (version shuold be the one you cloned...):

    ./include/QtSerialPort/qtserialportversion.h
    ./include/QtSerialPort/qserialportinfo.h
    ./include/QtSerialPort/qserialportglobal.h
    ./include/QtSerialPort/5.9.0/QtSerialPort/private/qserialport_p.h
    ./include/QtSerialPort/5.9.0/QtSerialPort/private/qserialportinfo_p.h
    ./include/QtSerialPort/qserialport.h
    

    and

    ./lib/libQt5SerialPort.so
    

    if you succeed here, then you should be able to create a project file (.pro) for your application and add the serial port modulie like this:

    ...
    QT += serialport
    ...
    

    and the magic will flow.



  • @Pablo-J.-Rogina Thanks a lot for your post, I'll now begin to put it into practice. I have just one doubt: if I run:

    qmake --version
    

    I obtain:

    QMake version 2.01a
    Using Qt version 4.8.7 in /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu
    

    So, if I'm not wrong, the installed version of Qt is the 4.8.7 (quite old). When you stated, in your #1 step, "git clone git://code.qt.io/qt/qtserialport.git -b 5.9" were you assuming my Qt version was 5.9? In other words, the serialport version and the installed qt version should be the same?
    If so, how can I upgrade from my actual Qt version to the latest one?
    Thanks a lot!


  • Lifetime Qt Champion

    @douglas

    you can have multiple Qt versions installed, so please check carefully which one you use.

    For the qmakes that are not in PATH, you have to specify the full path, e.g. /opt/Qt/5.9.0/bin/qmake

    Regards



  • @aha_1980 how I can upgrade to the latest Qt version and set it as default in my project? After this I will be sure to use the Qt version 5.9 and I will apply the steps suggested by @Pablo-J-Rogina
    Thank you!


  • Lifetime Qt Champion

    @douglas

    First you should find out which Qt versions you have on your computer. Qt 4.8.7 is surely from Ubuntu and is a native Qt - you build programs that run on your computer. What you want, is a cross Qt, to run programs on your embedded device.

    As you said you have already done this, you surely have a second Qt version (I cannot tell you which one it is). And this Qt version has a qmake which you need to call to compile Qt programs against this Qt library.

    Regards



  • @aha_1980 Thanks. In Qt Creator I set Qt 5.7.1 in the "Qt Version" for the selected kit for my project. Now I can add the serialport module in my .pro file and build the app, but when I try to run it on my target device, the application does not start and the following error appears:

    error while loading shared libraries: libQt5SerialPort.so.5: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory
    

    Is it related to the serialport module that is not cross compiled or have I to install some dependencies on the target device itself?
    Thank you!


  • Lifetime Qt Champion

    @douglas said in Problems when adding serialport module in Qt project:

    Is it related to the serialport module that is not cross compiled or have I to install some dependencies on the target device itself?

    You're already on the right track. You need to cross-compile QtSerialPort for your embedded device, and then you need to deploy (copy over) these libraries to the device, because your final app is also running there.



  • @aha_1980 Ok,thanks! I just did the following on my host PC:

    $ git clone git://code.qt.io/qt/qtserialport.git
    $ mkdir qtserialport-build
    $ cd qtserialport-build
    $ qmake ../qtserialport/qtserialport.pro
    

    but the last command (qmake) gives the following:

    Project MESSAGE: Cannot build current QtSerialPort sources with Qt version 4.8.7.
    Project ERROR: Use at least Qt 5.0.0 or try to download QtSerialPort for Qt4.
    

    It is clear that I need to use a newer qmake, perhaps the default one is an older version. How can I run that command with a qmake version 5? Where should it be located? Or how can I "change the default one"?
    Thanks for your patience.



  • @aha_1980 Done, I found the qmake for version 5 and run the qmake command.
    Now, when I run the

    make
    make install
    

    this error appears:

    fatal error: qdeadlinetimer.h: File o directory non esistente
    compilation terminated.
    

    Which can be the solution?


  • Lifetime Qt Champion

    @douglas you are tryin to compile a new QSerialPort against an older Qt.

    Add a git checkout -b v5.7.1 directly after the git clone command and rebuild.



  • @aha_1980 I add "git checkout -b v5.7.1" , but the qdeadlinetimer.h error shown above still remains during the make procedure. Any hints?


  • Lifetime Qt Champion

    @douglas Did you try to delete the build folder, create new one and to start from there?



  • @jsulm Yes, I did. I always obtain the

    fatal error: qdeadlinetimer.h: File o directory non esistente
    compilation terminated.
    

  • Lifetime Qt Champion

    @douglas please send the output of git status



  • @aha_1980

    Sul branch v5.7.1
    Untracked files:
      (use "git add <file>..." to include in what will be committed)
    
    	./
    
    nothing added to commit but untracked files present (use "git add" to track)
    

    Am I missing something?


  • Lifetime Qt Champion

    @douglas Looks good so far.

    But let's move slowly. I re-read you post from 5 hours ago:

    @aha_1980 Thanks. In Qt Creator I set Qt 5.7.1 in the "Qt Version" for the selected kit for my project. Now I can add the serialport module in my .pro file and build the app

    If you can build the app, then you already have the serialport module!

    but when I try to run it on my target device, the application does not start and the following error appears:

    But you don't have the libraries on your target device.



  • @aha_1980 Thanks, I understand. In order to obtain those libraries on my target device is something that I should copy from my host PC onto the device itself or I should install directly on the device side in any way?


  • Lifetime Qt Champion

    @douglas In the most easy and hacky way, just copy the needed *.so files to the other Qt *.so files on your device.

    Depending on your cross toolchain, there may be a more clean way (like building a new image), but that - as said - depends on you toolchain.



  • @douglas as @aha_1980 said, maybe easiest way is to copy the serialport module *.so the same way you're deploying the file(s) for your application. Perhaps at the beginning it's easy to copy the shared library into same folder as application's executable



  • @Pablo-J.-Rogina , @aha_1980 thank you. I expected to find the libQt5SerialPort.so.5 (the missing library) inside the qtserialport folder generated after the steps:

    $ git clone git://code.qt.io/qt/qtserialport.git
    $ mkdir qtserialport-build
    $ cd qtserialport-build
    $ qmake ../qtserialport/qtserialport.pro
    

    but I couldn't find it. I searched into my host PC for that file, I found few results, but they are located into the Qt installation folder, they are not cross-compiled for my needs, I think.
    When exactly that library should be created, or where it should be located?
    Thanks!


  • Lifetime Qt Champion

    @douglas Are you sure you're cross compiling your app?
    If so just do

    ldd YOUR_APP_EXE
    

    it will show you which libs it is linked against, you then will know where the serial port lib is.



  • @jsulm the ldd command does not give any result; it gives a message saying it is "not a dynamic exacutable"..



  • Solved. The missing libQt5SerialPort.so.5 error on the target device was because that library effectively was not present. On the host side I added that library in the package list of the image and rebuild the image itself.


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