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Need help to create simple model for QTreeModelView



  • @Please_Help_me_D said in Need help to create simple model for QTreeModelView:

    Why it gives me such many outputs?

    Because your rowCount() gets called by Qt (e.g. the QTreeView) more times than you think it does :)


  • Lifetime Qt Champion

    @Please_Help_me_D
    :)
    Ok fair enough but it's also a bit hardcore to fiddle with QAbstractItemModel on
    such a special day :)

    alt text



  • @JonB and is it normal? or my code looks so scarry that Qt don't know what to do whith it :)



  • @mrjj maybe I should manually insert rows somehow?


  • Lifetime Qt Champion

    Hi
    Im not sure what is wrong as could also be the index but you can take a look at
    https://doc.qt.io/qt-5/qtwidgets-itemviews-editabletreemodel-example.html
    which seems very similar to your code.



  • @mrjj ok
    How do you think, is it possible that the problem is how I declare variables (pointers/references and const)?. Sometimes they differ from examples but I think it should be fine


  • Lifetime Qt Champion

    @Please_Help_me_D
    well i think its fine since app compiles etc.
    Its more that if you use internalPointer as in the example so it does point to what you expect.



  • @Please_Help_me_D said in Need help to create simple model for QTreeModelView:

    @JonB and is it normal? or my code looks so scarry that Qt don't know what to do whith it :)

    No, it's normal that infrastructure will call your rowCount() a lot :)



  • @mrjj @JonB well guess what? Yes I've found the snippet of code that made me feel useless for whole day :D
    Previously I had the MyModel::data() method:

    QVariant MyModel::data(const QModelIndex &index, int role) const
    {
        if (!index.isValid()) {
            return QVariant();
        }
        
        const MyItem* item = static_cast<MyItem*>(index.internalPointer());
        return item->title;
    }
    

    But when I change it to:

    QVariant MyModel::data(const QModelIndex &index, int role) const
    {
        if (!index.isValid()) {
            return QVariant();
        }
    
        if (role != Qt::DisplayRole && role != Qt::EditRole)
            return QVariant();
    
        const MyItem* item = static_cast<MyItem*>(index.internalPointer());
        return item->title;
    }
    

    everything works :)
    Now I'm trying to understand what the role is
    Thank you for help!


  • Lifetime Qt Champion

    @Please_Help_me_D said in Need help to create simple model for QTreeModelView:

    that made me feel useless for whole day

    Ehh, should it not make you feel happy you found it ?

    So good spotted.

    The roles are explained here
    https://doc.qt.io/qt-5/qt.html#ItemDataRole-enum



  • @mrjj I would be if not my birthday today :D


  • Lifetime Qt Champion

    @Please_Help_me_D
    :)
    Ok fair enough but it's also a bit hardcore to fiddle with QAbstractItemModel on
    such a special day :)

    alt text



  • @mrjj thank you))
    hardcore is my lastname :)



  • @Please_Help_me_D said in Need help to create simple model for QTreeModelView:

    Now I'm trying to understand what the role is

    @mrjj has given you the documentation reference page for roles. You must read that! In Qt models, an index does not just store/return what you think of of as "the value" of that item, it also stores/returns a variety of additional data which you might want to set for each data item. Qt calls these "roles", I don't know where it gets that name from, you might think of them as "attributes".

    When you implement your model's data() override, and also setData() if you allow updates, you must make their behaviour take into account the value of the role parameter. The Qt infrastructure (e.g. any views attached to the model) will be calling your data()/setData() methods a lot of times, with a variety of roles. For example, it will call data(index, Qt::ForegroundRole) for every cell to ask what color the text should be, or data(index, Qt::ToolTipRole) every time it wants to potentially show a tooltip.

    The normal pattern I follow for, say, data() is:

    QVariant MyModel::data(const QModelIndex &index, int role) const
    {
        if (!index.isValid())
            return QVariant();
        switch (role)
        {
        case Qt::DisplayRole:
        case Qt::EditRole:
            return somethingToDoWithWhatYouThinkOfAsTheValue;
        case Qt::AnotherRoleIWantToHandle:
            return somethingSuitable;
        default: break;
        }
        return BaseModel::data(index, role);
    }
    

    And similarly for setData(). Note how we return the base class's data()/setData() method for any cases we don't handle; this allow for future updates.



  • @JonB thank you for explanation! This is useful for me to know



  • @mrjj Once again I need help
    I set two items to the root item. So here should be one openable item wich after unwrapping should show two other items... but it shows itself instead:

    void MyModel::fetchRootDirectory()
    {
        MyItem* item = new MyItem("first_item");
        MyItem* item1 = new MyItem("first_child");
        MyItem* item2 = new MyItem("second_child");
        item->children.push_back(item1);
        item->children.push_back(item2);
        _items.push_back(item);
    }
    

    Also there is something wrong with highlighting of chosen item

    Here is the updated project


  • Lifetime Qt Champion

    @Please_Help_me_D
    Hi
    I ran the updated code and it seems to return the same Modelindex for different items so
    that's why you see the top one also as a child and both get selected if you click on one.
    So i think something up with internalpointer but could not spot it.

    It seems like the code from
    https://doc.qt.io/qt-5/qtwidgets-itemviews-editabletreemodel-example.html
    But with some difference with the items and handling.



  • @mrjj thank you!
    I just created my model based on editabletreemodel and tried to make it as close as possible and it works now.

    That was the test model. Now I have to create my true model but here is the thing that I cannot tackle.
    The main difference that was between my test model and editabletreemodel is that editabletreemodel had TreeItem* rootItem where were stored information about column header.
    I want to have item that has a public variable that doesn't have the default constructor HighFive::File parentFile;.
    If I do my real model with rootItem to store there information about column header then I will need to somehow initialize HighFive::File parentFile; for rootItem. But rootItem doesn't need to have HighFive::File parentFile; because this is a hdf5 file (I don't need it for columns header).
    What would you suggest me?
    I'm afraid to avoid rootItem for header beacause I feel that this is the staff that made my test model useful.


  • Lifetime Qt Champion

    @Please_Help_me_D

    Hi
    If you to stuff HighFive::File parentFile into an item, you can so do that with UserRoles.
    each item can have extra data stored in user roles.

    QStandardItem *item = new xxx
    item ->setData(value, Qt::UserRole + 1)
    item ->setData(value2, Qt::UserRole + 2)
    etc

    where value can be anything , including HighFive::File

    So you can create and setup parentFile outside model and simply store it there.

    If that is what you are asking about ?
    Im not 100% sure what you need.



  • @mrjj thank you for hint for userRole. That is useful.
    But also if I add a publica variable of type that doesn't have the default constructor then I must initialaze this variables in constructor. Like:

    MyItem::MyItem(QString pathToFile) :
        parentFile(HighFive::File(pathToFile)){}
    

    I need to store parentFile for all items except rootItem (wich is the item for header). So it makes impossible to create rootItem without such hdf5 file.
    Or maybe there is some solution how to initialize the object with public variable of type that doesn't have the default constructor?



  • @mrjj it is so hard being slowpoke as me :D
    I needed to add parent item to every child :)

    Four days I worked on that I think but finally everything works :)
    c4271551-d525-486a-bc1a-4e8eba44dbf5-image.png



  • @mrjj I implemented QAbstractItemModel::fetchMore(...) to upload data when user click on triangle-button to show more items. It works.
    Now I need to do process the data when user click this button to pack (or hide) items. I want to delete infomation from my model when user hides those items (see picture please).
    Is there a function that should work when this event happens or a singnal which is emited when userclick on that button hide items?
    I thought that QAbstractItemModel::rowsRemoved signal should be emited in such situation but it is not. I tried:

    connect(this, &QAbstractItemModel::rowsRemoved, this, &H5Model::pack);
    

    but there is no signal when I push close-button. Or those signals are abstract and I need to emit them and only then catch?
    35e64a56-4447-49af-ae3c-b1fcb7f91a7b-image.png



  • void collapsed(const QModelIndex &index)
    void expanded(const QModelIndex &index)



  • @mpergand thank you!



  • Now when I have some MyModel I would like to write MyProxyModel which inherited by QAbstractProxyModel (I need to understand how they work that is why I don't want to use QSortFilterProxyModel for now).
    QAbstractProxyModel inherits QAbstractItemModel so as I understand I must implelement at least the following pure virtual methods from these both abstract models:

    int QAbstractItemModel::columnCount(const QModelIndex &parent = QModelIndex()) const
    QVariant QAbstractItemModel::data(const QModelIndex &index, int role = Qt::DisplayRole) const
    QModelIndex QAbstractItemModel::index(int row, int column, const QModelIndex &parent = QModelIndex()) const
    QModelIndex QAbstractItemModel::parent(const QModelIndex &index) const
    int QAbstractItemModel::rowCount(const QModelIndex &parent = QModelIndex()) const
    QModelIndex QAbstractProxyModel::mapFromSource(const QModelIndex &sourceIndex) const
    QModelIndex QAbstractProxyModel::mapToSource(const QModelIndex &proxyIndex) const
    

    Ok, I don't want to use any kind of a sorting I just want to wrap MyModel to MyProxyModel.
    In proxy model I just declare the same methods that my source model has and invoke these methods:

    h5proxymodel.h

    #ifndef H5PROXYMODEL_H
    #define H5PROXYMODEL_H
    
    #include <QAbstractProxyModel>
    #include <QSortFilterProxyModel>
    #include "h5model.h"
    
    class H5ProxyModel : public QAbstractProxyModel
    {
        Q_OBJECT
    public:
        explicit H5ProxyModel(QObject *parent = nullptr);
        ~H5ProxyModel();
    
        QModelIndex	mapFromSource(const QModelIndex &sourceIndex) const override;
        QModelIndex	mapToSource(const QModelIndex &proxyIndex) const override;
    
        void setSourceModel(QAbstractItemModel *sourceModel) override;
        QAbstractItemModel* getSourceModel();
    
        QModelIndex index(int row, int column, const QModelIndex &parent) const override;
        QModelIndex parent(const QModelIndex &index) const override;
    
        int rowCount(const QModelIndex &parent) const override;
        int columnCount(const QModelIndex &parent) const override;
    
        QVariant data(const QModelIndex &index, int role) const override;
        bool setData(const QModelIndex &index, const QVariant &value, int role) override;
    
        QVariant headerData(int section, Qt::Orientation orientation, int role) const override;
    
        bool insertRows(int position, int rows,
                        const QModelIndex &parent = QModelIndex()) override;
        bool removeRows(int position, int rows,
                        const QModelIndex &parent = QModelIndex()) override;
    
        bool hasChildren(const QModelIndex &parent = QModelIndex()) const override;
        void expand(const QModelIndex &parent);
        void collapse(const QModelIndex &parent);
    
        Qt::ItemFlags flags(const QModelIndex &index) const override;
    
    private:
        QAbstractItemModel* sourceModel;
    };
    
    #endif // H5PROXYMODEL_H
    
    

    h5proxymodel.cpp

    #include "h5proxymodel.h"
    
    H5ProxyModel::H5ProxyModel(QObject *parent) :
        QAbstractProxyModel(parent)
    {
    
    }
    
    H5ProxyModel::~H5ProxyModel()
    {
        delete sourceModel;
    }
    
    QModelIndex H5ProxyModel::mapFromSource(const QModelIndex &sourceIndex) const{
        if (!sourceIndex.isValid())
            return QModelIndex();
    
        return sourceIndex;
    }
    
    QModelIndex H5ProxyModel::mapToSource(const QModelIndex &proxyIndex) const
    {
        if (!proxyIndex.isValid())
            return QModelIndex();
    
        return proxyIndex;
    }
    
    void H5ProxyModel::setSourceModel(QAbstractItemModel *sourceModel){
        this->sourceModel = sourceModel;
    }
    
    QAbstractItemModel* H5ProxyModel::getSourceModel(){
        return this->sourceModel;
    }
    
    QModelIndex H5ProxyModel::index(int row, int column, const QModelIndex &parent) const{
        return this->sourceModel->index(row, column, parent);
    }
    
    QModelIndex H5ProxyModel::parent(const QModelIndex &index) const{
        return this->sourceModel->parent(index);
    }
    
    int H5ProxyModel::rowCount(const QModelIndex &parent) const{
        return this->sourceModel->rowCount(parent);
    }
    
    int H5ProxyModel::columnCount(const QModelIndex &parent) const{
        return this->sourceModel->columnCount(parent);
    }
    
    QVariant H5ProxyModel::data(const QModelIndex &index, int role) const{
        return sourceModel->data(index, role);
    }
    
    bool H5ProxyModel::setData(const QModelIndex &index, const QVariant &value, int role){
        return sourceModel->setData(index, value, role);
    }
    
    QVariant H5ProxyModel::headerData(int section, Qt::Orientation orientation, int role) const{
        return sourceModel->headerData(section, orientation, role);
    }
    
    bool H5ProxyModel::insertRows(int position, int rows, const QModelIndex &parent){
        return sourceModel->insertRows(position, rows, parent);
    }
    bool H5ProxyModel::removeRows(int position, int rows, const QModelIndex &parent){
        return sourceModel->removeRows(position, rows, parent);
    }
    
    bool H5ProxyModel::hasChildren(const QModelIndex &parent) const{
        return sourceModel->hasChildren(parent);
    }
    
    void H5ProxyModel::expand(const QModelIndex &parent){
        static_cast<H5Model*>(sourceModel)->expand(parent);
    }
    
    void H5ProxyModel::collapse(const QModelIndex &parent){
        static_cast<H5Model*>(sourceModel)->collapse(parent);
    }
    
    Qt::ItemFlags H5ProxyModel::flags(const QModelIndex &index) const{
        return sourceModel->flags(index);
    }
    
    

    As you can see all that my proxy does is it redirects commands to source model. But all I see is header in tree view instead of a items (the right picture I see if I set source model to a tree view):
    480c8262-7d03-4e2e-90d5-e89d8122d98a-image.png
    Why my logic doesn't work?


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