Thanks, Mr. Jakob. I'd tried to resize central widget in resizeEvent(), I found it seemed that setting the geometry of the central widget's layout could work, but not worked good completely. One of the problems is : the docked widgets's width do not change synchronously, this problem cause spacing or overlapping appeares between central widget and docking widgets while resizing mainwindow.
I thought maybe I should call 'updateGeometry' for every docked widget, but I have not enough time to verify this guess. would you please tell me?
Well, there is another question about dockwidget and mainwindow:
I found there was an internal splitter between central widget and docking widgets, and if I pressed mouse left button and pulled it to another position, the docking widgets's width would be fixed and could only be changed by pulling the splitter. This problem makes my purpose to unreached too. How can I work around it?