This looks similar to what https://forum.qt.io/topic/141297/exception-about-qt-creator-ui-on-ubuntu experienced.
Also on VMware.
I assume it has something to do with the graphics drivers. At https://www.qt.io/blog/qt-6.4-released we can see the topic:
QQuickWidget with full RHI support
With QQuickWidget you can build application user interfaces where Qt Quick and Qt Widget elements coexist. Until now this required using OpenGL. For Qt 6.4 we redesigned the class from the ground up, and now QQuickWidget is functional with all supported graphics APIs: Metal, Vulkan, Direct3D 11, in addition to OpenGL.
Can you post the Graphics configuration of your VMware player? Aso a bug report at https://bugreports.qt.io/ wouldn't hurt either.