QVideoWidget vs QGraphicsVideoItem



  • Hello,

    Why does QVideoWidget renders videos more smoothly than QGraphicsView with QGraphicsVideoItem by playing the same video?

    1. Example With QVideoWidget
    #include <QApplication>
    #include <QMainWindow>
    #include <QMediaPlayer>
    #include <QVideoWidget>
    
    int main(int argc, char *argv[])
    {
      QApplication a(argc, argv);
      QMainWindow* mw = new QMainWindow;
    
      QVideoWidget* video_widget = new QVideoWidget;
      QMediaPlayer * player = new QMediaPlayer;
      player->setVideoOutput(video_widget);
      player->setMedia(QUrl::fromLocalFile("/path/to/file.mp4"));
      mw->setCentralWidget(video_widget);
      mw->show();
      player->play();
      return a.exec();
    }
    
    1. Example with QGraphicsVideoItem
    #include <QApplication>
    #include <QMainWindow>
    #include <QMediaPlayer>
    #include <QGraphicsView>
    #include <QGraphicsVideoItem>
    #include <QGraphicsScene>
    
    int main(int argc, char *argv[])
    {
        QApplication a(argc, argv);
        QMainWindow* mw = new QMainWindow;
        QGraphicsView* view = new QGraphicsView;
        QGraphicsScene* scene = new QGraphicsScene(view);
        view->setScene(scene);
        QMediaPlayer * player = new QMediaPlayer;
        QGraphicsVideoItem *item = new QGraphicsVideoItem;
        player->setVideoOutput(item);
        player->setMedia(QUrl::fromLocalFile("/path/to/file.mp4"));
        scene->addItem(item);
        player->play();
        mw->setCentralWidget(view);
        mw->show();
        return a.exec();
    }
    

    The figures outline are pixelated. Also increasing the size of the window on QGraphicsView have a negative impact on performance. Pictures runs slower than the sound and picture movements are abrupt. These effects doesn't occur on QVideoWidget.
    Setting the view port to OpenGL with this call view->setViewport(new QGLWidget) improves the performance but it doesn't solve the problem of the quality of the video.


  • Lifetime Qt Champion

    Hi and welcome to devnet,

    Basically, the architecture behind both are not the same.

    What kind of video are you trying to play ? Why would you need a QGraphicsView for that ?



  • @SGaist
    The video is a test video downloaded from youtube. For example https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qPTfXwPf_HM converted and downloaded by http://convert2mp3.net/. Using another video formats than mp4 doesn't change anything on this fact.

    I am trying to create a template as a multimedia widget in what user can compose different items like video, picture, graphics or animating texts for rendering on a screen. I have just startet to evaluate QGraphicsView for this purpose.

    Thanks


  • Lifetime Qt Champion

    Then I'd recommend taking a look at QtQuick for that kind of stuff.



  • @SGaist
    Hi,
    I looked at the examples qmlvideo and qmlvideofx from qt 5.9 which are implemented with QtQuick 2 and they have apparently the same problem. QVideoWidget have the best rendering behavior also compared to the QtQuick option in my opinion. With QVideoWidget there is no pixelization and no erratic playback. I don't know what the problem here.


  • Lifetime Qt Champion

    What are your platform and Qt version ?



  • @SGaist
    I work with Windows 7 and 10. Qt Version is 5.9. I have also installed K-lite codec 13.3.3


  • Lifetime Qt Champion

    Which version of 5.9 ?



  • @SGaist
    I use Qt 5.9.1 MSVC 2015, 32 bit and MinGW32 bit - Open Source (LGPLv3).



  • QtMM has a lot of issues, it sucks. You can try to use libVLC, ffmpeg or to use DirectShow directly (of course, if a Windows is your main platform).



  • @kuzulis
    Thanks for response.
    I have tried libVLC with QWidget and it works very well. But is there is a possibility to use it in QGraphicsScene?



  • @zahi.mashael said in QVideoWidget vs QGraphicsVideoItem:

    But is there is a possibility to use it in QGraphicsScene?

    I don't know.


  • Lifetime Qt Champion

    The VLC-Qt project provides integration with Qt so you should be able to use QGraphicsWidgetProxy.



  • I tried to use VLC-Qt with QGraphicsProxyWidget class, but just sound is played not the video. Another peaple have already posted a similar problem with QVideoWidget like here.

    I found now a solution for me with QtAV that uses ffmpeg. QtAV contains the class GraphicsItemRenderer that is a sub class of QGraphicsObject. So objects of GraphicsItemRenderer can be added directly to QGraphicsScene. Here is some code that demonstrate this (QtAV must be firstly installed in Qt, see installation instruction):

    #include <QApplication>
    #include <QtAVWidgets>
    #include <QtAV>
    #include <QGraphicsView>
    
    using namespace QtAV;
    
    int main(int argc, char *argv[])
    {
       QApplication a(argc, argv);
    
       AVPlayer player;
    
       GraphicsItemRenderer *item = new GraphicsItemRenderer;
       item->resizeRenderer(640, 360);
       item->setOutAspectRatioMode(VideoRenderer::VideoAspectRatio);
       player.setRenderer(item);
       QGraphicsScene *scene = new QGraphicsScene;
       scene->addItem(item);
       QGraphicsView *view = new QGraphicsView(scene);
       view->show();
       player.play("C:/path/to/file.mp4");
       return a.exec();
    }
    

    QtAV also have a qml integration, so I have now the freedom to choose between QGraphicsView or QtQuick.

    I would like to thanks all very much for the tips. It was a great help.



  • @SGaist said in QVideoWidget vs QGraphicsVideoItem:

    The VLC-Qt project provides integration with Qt so you should be able to use QGraphicsWidgetProxy.

    Unfortunatelly Qt-vlc does not support embedding into QGraphicsScene by issue
    https://github.com/vlc-qt/vlc-qt/issues/129

    @zahi-mashael , is QtAv good solution? can you pls say about performance during playing fullHD(1920x1080x60fps) video?
    I have a big troubles with QVideoWidget when it using like background video-player into QGraphicsScene, fps less than 5, it's horrible)



  • @goldstar2154 Yes, it seems so. I played a mp4 file in Full HD, a file about 64 MB big with 2.5 minutes length, and it worked.


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